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Terpenes 101

An image of a marijuana leaf.

Terpenes are not a new product to hit the cannabis world, but they’ve definitely become more and more popular over the years. It’s difficult to disagree with the fact that there’s just something about the aroma of cannabis that calms the mind and body. No matter if you’re looking for a sweet or natural aroma there’s something about the scent and effect of these products that have given them the popularity that they have today. In this blog post, we will be discussing some of the basic facts and features surrounding terpenes. With so many cannabis products on the market, it can be difficult to know what products do what so we’re here to clear up some of those things. 


So What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes are oils that are secreted from the same glands that produce cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. Terpenes are aromatic oils that color cannabis varieties with distinctive flavors such as citrus, berries, mint, and others. Originally, terpenes were developed to repel predators and to lure pollinators. There are many factors that can influence a plant’s development for terpenes such as climate, weather, age, maturation, fertilizers, soil type, and even time of day. 

 So far there are over 100 different types of terpenes that have been identified in the cannabis plant. Every strain tends toward a unique terpene type and composition. So even if you’re using a descendant plant for the terpene, you may have a different inherent smell or it may have the same smell.


While the amount of terpenes is mind-boggling, one of the most interesting characteristics of terpenes is their ability to interact directly with other compounds in the plant such as cannabinoids. Over the past few years, most cannabis varieties have been bred to contain high levels of THC, and as a result, other cannabinoids such as CBD have fallen to just trace amounts. This has led people to believe that terpenes play a key role in differentiating the effects of various cannabis strains. 


Anecdotal evidence suggests that terpenes may have an effect on some people. Some terpenes promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others promote focus and energy. For example, linalool is believed to be a relaxation terpene compared to limonene which is used to elevate mood. The effect of any given terpenes may also change in the presence of other compounds in a phenomenon known as the entourage effect. However, more research is needed to understand the effect of each terpene when used in collaboration with others. 


The differences between terpenes can be subtle, but those differences can still add a great amount of depth to the horticultural art and knowledge of cannabis. Now, many cannabis labs are testing terpene content, so hopefully, within the next few years, we will have more information on what these chemical compounds actually are. They are truly unlimited and have a multitude of effects. Terpenes are certainly a popular cannabis item and we predict they will only gain more popularity in the future! 


At Empire Health and Wellness we love everything cannabis, which is why we’re dedicated to bringing you the best products. We’re located in Modesto, California and would love for you to stop by our dispensary. Our experienced budtenders are here to help you find the perfect product no matter what your needs are. From tinctures, flowers, edibles, and concentrates we truly have everything you could ever need! Contact us today with any questions. We look forward to seeing you and remember its always 4:20 somewhere!